Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto or Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto, was a Finnish designer and architect born in 1898 in Kuortane. He stood out internationally, foremost for his work as an architect, especially for his design of the Turun Sonamat building in Turku, which was his first functionalist building. His interest in the decorative arts, household objects and organic architecture quickly became obvious. Plywood became his favourite material and with which he offered a more human and close to nature vision of functionalism. He differentiated from contemporaries such as Le Corbusier and Marcel Breuer by moving away from rigid shapes, cold materials and rejecting ”conventional rationalism”. He launched his company ARTEK in 1935 and his work distinguished itself with the use of natural materials and innovative techniques, and through these he created the stackable three legged stool n°60, the chair Paimio and the chair 65. He also brought unique attention to light and lighting in his architecture projects. For the Maison Louis Carré in France he designed the Blueberry Lamp and the clock shaped Golden Bell Lamp.

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